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Population statistics

The population statistics provide information on the population and on the relevant demographic factors determining demographic trends down to the local authority level. During a year the population increases through births and influx from abroad, and is at the same time reduced through deaths and outward movements. For decades now, there has been a birth-deficit in Germany because more people die than are born each year. In deviation thereof, individual municipalities with a more favourable demographic structure can show a surplus of births.

Concerning the influx from abroad and outward movements the migration flows between the municipalities and regions within Germany as well as between Germany and foreign countries are taken into account. Usually, the influx from abroad is higher than emigration from Germany. The migration flows within Germany are characterized by an east to west, a north to south migration and also by a rural-urban population movement.

The population figures are mapped in relation to the respective municipal areas (population density). The births, deaths and migratory flows are referenced to the population figures to offer a basis for comparison.

Maps

Population density (inhabitants per km2) per municipality at 31 December 2010

Live births per municipality in 2010 referenced to the population number at 31 December 2010

Deaths per municipality in 2010 referenced to the population number at 31 December 2010

Influx per municipality in 2010 referenced to the population number at 31 December 2010

Emigration per municipality in 2010 referenced to the population number at 31 December 2010

Source: Statistische Ämter des Bundes und der Länder (statistical offices of the Federation and the Länder)

Validity of the data

The population number is based on the updating of the census results of the year 1987, and for the new Länder on a copy of the central register of inhabitants of the former GDR referring to the year 1990. In the population statistics births and deaths are not attributed to the event location, but in the case of the births to the place of residence of the mother, and in the case of the deaths to the last place of residence of the deceased. The migration flows include in each case the inflows and outflows between the municipalities.

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